Fetal Anomaly Scan.
Disebabkan last pregnancy I ada masalah sikit (bule refer sini Memories) .. So kali nie I under closed Gyna supervise. Follow je sume advice dia.. End up he come with this "Fetal Anomaly Scan"..
Terus i blur... apa tue?? Okeh I paste dari Baby Center. I pun paham lepas dokto explain.. berserta bantuan encik gugel..
What is an anomaly scan?
An anomaly scan takes a close look at your baby and your uterus (womb). The person carrying out the scan (sonographer) will check that your baby is developing normally, and she’ll look at where the placenta is lying in your uterus.
You will be offered the scan, also called a mid-pregnancy ultrasound scan, when you are between 18 weeks and 20 weeks plus six days pregnant.
The image on the right shows a baby's face and hands at 20 weeks, and gives you an idea of what you will be able to see at this scan.
Seeing your baby on a screen can be a really exciting event. You can also take your partner, friend or family member along to share the experience with you.
The main purpose of the scan is to check that your baby is developing normally, rather than whether you're expecting a boy or girl. However, you may want to know your baby's gender, or ask for a photo of your scan.
Bear in mind that the scan's main purpose is to check that your baby is developing normally, rather than whether you're expecting a boy or girl. Sometimes excess wind or having too much tummy fat obscures the view, so it’s hard to tell a baby's gender accurately. And some hospitals have a policy of not telling parents-to-be, to prevent mistakes from happening. Ask your midwife about your hospital's policy.
Do I have to have an anomaly scan?
It's up to you. Early in your pregnancy your midwife should give you written information about why the scan is being offered, how it will help, and what it won't be able to tell you. This will allow you time to decide whether or not you would like the scan.
What will I be able to see on the scan?
Most hospitals allow you to watch the scan, which takes about 20 minutes, as it is being performed. If you haven't already had a scan in your pregnancy, the sonographer will check that there is only one baby, and confirm your due date.
The sonographer will point out your baby's heartbeat and parts of his body, such as his face and hands, before looking at him in detail. It may be hard for you to make out your baby's organs, as the sonographer will look at them as a cross section.
Your baby's bones will appear white on the scan, and his soft tissue will look grey and speckled. The amniotic fluid surrounding your baby will look black.
After you’ve seen your baby on the screen, some sonographers will turn the screen away for the rest of the scan, and show you views at the end. Some hospitals have a second monitor at the foot of the couch, so you can watch the entire scan.
Can I have a photo of my scan?
Most hospitals will allow you to buy a picture of your baby. These pictures cost between £3 and £5, depending on the hospital. These will probably be printed on thermal paper which is heat-sensitive, so you shouldn't laminate them.
Make sure you tell your sonographer how many pictures you would like before you have the scan. If you want copies, scan them into a computer, or photocopy them.
What will the sonographer look at on my scan?
The sonographer will examine all your baby's organs and take measurements. She will look at:
The placenta may be on the front wall (anterior) or the back wall of your uterus (posterior), usually near the top (or fundus). If the placenta is near the top, it may be described as fundal on your scan notes.
It is possible to count the three blood vessels (two arteries and a single vein) in the umbilical cord, but your sonographer may not do this. It's not routine procedure. She will check to see that's there's enough amniotic fluid for your baby to move freely, though.
During the scan, the sonographer will measure parts of your baby's body, to see how well he is growing. The sonographer will measure your baby's:
The measurements should match up to what's expected for your baby, depending on when his due date is. The due date will have been established at your dating scan. If your anomaly scan is the first scan you've had, it will be used to establish a due date.
Which abnormalities can be seen on the scan?
Sonographers have a list of conditions to look out for. The conditions are either very serious, which may mean that a baby can't survive, or they may be treatable conditions, once your baby is born.
If the condition is treatable, it will help the hospital team to know in advance, so they can make sure your baby has the right care as soon as he's born.
Some conditions are easier to spot than others, and some are hard to see at all. Most of the conditions on the list are very rare. Here's the list of conditions, and the percentage chance of your sonographer seeing each one, if your baby has it:
Some conditions, including heart defects and bowel obstructions, may not be seen until later in your pregnancy. Having an anomaly scan will most likely rule out all these conditions, as the vast majority of babies are born healthy.
What if there are signs of a problem on my scan?
Most problems that need repeat scanning are not serious. About 15 per cent of scans will be done again for one reason or another.
The most common reason is that the sonographer has not seen everything she needs to see. This may be because your baby is not lying in a good position, or that you are a bit overweight, in which case the scan should be repeated at 23 weeks.
If your sonographer finds or suspects a problem, you will be told straight away. You should have an appointment for a scan with a fetal medicine specialist within 72 hours.
If doctors suspect that your baby has a heart problem, you will be asked to come in for a fetal echo scan. The fetal echo scan will take a detailed look at your baby's heart.
If any scan reveals a serious problem, you should be given plenty of support to guide you through all the options. Though serious problems are rare, some families are faced with the most difficult decision of all, whether to continue with the pregnancy.
Other problems may mean that your baby needs surgery or treatment after birth, or even surgery while he is still in your uterus (womb). There will be a whole range of people to support you through this, including midwives, obstetricians, paediatricians, physiotherapists and the hospital chaplain.